`main507.cc`

and
`main508.cc`

.
The particles in the scenarios considered here are a mix of established PDG ones (51 - 55) and extensions thereof ( 56 - 59), as follows:

51 | Scalar DM (currently unused); |

52 | Fermionic DM (chi_1); |

53 | Vector DM (currently unused); |

54 | Scalar (or pseudoscalar) mediator (S); |

55 | Vector (or axial vector) mediator (Z'); |

56 | Charged scalar partner (l^~); |

57 | Singly charged partner (chi^+); |

58 | Neutral partner (chi_2); |

59 | Doubly charged partner (chi^++). |

`flag `

** DM:gg2S2XX **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *g g → S → X Xbar*.
Code 6011. S is assumed to be on-shell.

`flag `

** DM:gg2S2XXj **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *g g →S → X Xbar j*.
Code 6012. S is assumed to be on-shell. (Not yet available.)

Fermion couplings to scalar S are assumed to be proportional to mass of the fermion and couplings are the factor multiplying SM Higgs coupling (i.e. sin(mixing) in case of portal models).

`parm `

** Sdm:vf **
(`default = `

)**0.1**

Scalar coupling of SM fermions.

`parm `

** Sdm:af **
(`default = `

)**0**

Pseudo-scalar coupling of SM fermions.

`parm `

** Sdm:vX **
(`default = `

)**1.0**

Scalar coupling of DM fermion.

`parm `

** Sdm:aX **
(`default = `

)**0**

Pseudo-scalar coupling of DM fermion.

`Zp:decayMode`

.
`mode `

** Zp:decayMode **
(`default = `

; **0**`minimum = 0`

; `maximum = 3`

)

Switch to change decay of the *Z'*.
`option `

** 0** : *X Xbar*
`option `

** 1** : *q qbar* (dijets)
`option `

** 2** : *l lbar* (charged dileptons)
`option `

** 3** : *nu nubar + X Xbar* (invisible)

`flag `

** DM:ffbar2Zp2XX **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *f fbar →Z'^0 → X Xbar*.
Code 6001. *Z'* is assumed to be on-shell.

`flag `

** DM:ffbar2ZpH **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *f fbar →Z'^0 H *.
Code 6004. *Z'* is assumed to be on-shell. The coupling of the
*Z'* to the SM Higgs is given by the parameter `Zp:coupH`

.
Interference with gamma/Z currently not implemented therefore this is
only suitable when *Z' → X Xbar*. This can be ensured
using
`55:onMode = off`

`55:onIfAny = 52`

`flag `

** DM:ffbar2Zp2XXj **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *f fbar →Z'^0 j → X Xbar j*.
Code 6002. *Z'* is assumed to be on-shell. (Not yet available.)

`flag `

** DM:qg2Zp2XXj **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *q g →Z'^0 j → X Xbar j*.
Code 6003. *Z'* is assumed to be on-shell. (Not yet available.)

The vector and axial couplings of fermionic DM to the *Z'^0*
can be set freely. The couplings of quarks and leptons can either
be chosen freely for a new *U(1)* or be given by kinetic
mixing with the SM *U(1)_Y*. The SM fermion couplings are
assumed to be universal, i.e. generation-independent. The choice of
fixed axial and vector couplings implies a resonance width that
increases linearly with the *Z'* mass. Also some overall
coupling strengths can be chosen freely.

`parm `

** Zp:vX **
(`default = `

)**1.**

Vector coupling of DM fermion.

`parm `

** Zp:aX **
(`default = `

)**0.**

Axial coupling of DM fermion.

`flag `

** Zp:kineticMixing **
(`default = `

)**off**

Flag for the two main options to set the couplings of the *Z'*
to SM quarks and leptons. In the default off option the overall
coupling strength of the new *U(1)* gauge group is given by
`Zp:gZp`

and the separate fermion couplings by
`Zp:vu`

through `Zp:av`

. In the alternative,
with kinetic mixing on, the coupling to the DM is still given by
`Zp:gZp`

, but the mixing parameter `Zp:epsilon`

now specifies how the separate fermion couplings are related to their
*U(1)_Y* values.

`parm `

** Zp:gZp **
(`default = `

)**0.1**

Gauge coupling of a new *U(1)*. This parameter also sets the
coupling of the DM to the *Z'*, whether kinetic mixing is on
or not.

`parm `

** Zp:vu **
(`default = `

)**1.**

Vector coupling of up-type quarks.

`parm `

** Zp:au **
(`default = `

)**0.**

Axial coupling of up-type quarks.

`parm `

** Zp:vd **
(`default = `

)**1.**

Vector coupling of down-type quarks.

`parm `

** Zp:ad **
(`default = `

)**0.**

Axial coupling of down-type quarks.

`parm `

** Zp:vl **
(`default = `

)**1.**

Vector coupling of charged leptons.

`parm `

** Zp:al **
(`default = `

)**0.**

Axial coupling of charged leptons.

`parm `

** Zp:vv **
(`default = `

)**1.**

Vector coupling of neutrinos.

`parm `

** Zp:av **
(`default = `

)**0.**

Axial coupling of neutrinos.

`parm `

** Zp:epsilon **
(`default = `

)**0.1**

Kinetic mixing parameter between the dark *U(1)* and the SM
hypercharge *U(1)*. In the implemented case the *Z'^0*
mass is larger than the SM *Z^0* one. The fermionic current
for *Z'^0* is described in [Cli184].

`parm `

** Zp:coupH **
(`default = `

)**0.1**

Coupling to the SM higgs when kinetic mixing is off. When on the
coupling is instead set by `Zp:epsilon`

.

`DM:DYtype`

.
The first model consists of co-annihilation with a scalar with leptonic quantum numbers and which couples to a right-handed SM lepton and a Dirac fermion Dark Matter via Yukawa couplings. It is possible to choose lepton flavour violating couplings.

The next model is a generalisation of the mixed gaugino sector of Supersymmetry parametrised by one SM singlet and one SU(2) N-plet which mix to form Dark matter. N = 2, 3 and 5 are supported by the code. The main motivation for this choice is to provide a fully flexible implementation to calculate production of long-lived particles at the LHC. The resultant spectrum consists of one neutral partner, one singly charged partner, and one doubly charged partner (in the case of the 5-plet). The only free parameters are masses of the singlet and N-plet and the mixing suppression scale. This determines both production and decay of the particles and can cover a range of signatures including displaced leptons and vertices, long-lived, kinked or disappearing tracks.

`flag `

** DM:qqbar2DY **
(`default = `

)**off**

Scattering *q qbar → X_i Xbar_i *.
Code 6020.

`mode `

** DM:DYtype **
(`default = `

; **1**`minimum = 1`

; `maximum = 4`

)

Select the co-annihilation partner to produce via Drell-Yan production.
`option `

** 1** : Scalar lepton production. Coupling to electrons,
muons and taus can be fixed by `DM:yuk1`

, `DM:yuk2`

,
and `DM:yuk3`

respectively.
`option `

** 2** : Production of charged partners (i.e. "charginos").
`option `

** 3** : Production of doubly charged partners.
`option `

** 4** : Production of neutral and singly-charged partners.

The Yukawa couplings can be set using

`parm `

** DM:yuk1 **

Electron-DM Yukawa.

`parm `

** DM:yuk3 **

Tau-DM Yukawa.

The parameters for the singlet-N-plet model can be set via the following:

`mode `

** DM:Nplet **
(`default = `

; **2**`minimum = 1`

; `maximum = 3`

)

`option `

** 1** : Doublet
`option `

** 2** : Triplet
`option `

** 3** : Quintuplet

`parm `

** DM:M1 **

Mass of the DM singlet state.

`parm `

** DM:M2 **

Mass of the DM N-plet state.

`parm `

** DM:Lambda **

The suppression scale of the mixing. The Wilson co-efficient is absorbed
into the suppression scale as there is no independent measurement to
disentangle it from the scale.